Welcome to the project, where you will dive deep into the mesmerizing history of Turkey's Göbekli Tepe, an archaeological site that has rewritten the textbooks we know about human civilization. This site is considered to be the oldest known man-made religious structure in the world, dating back to around 9600 BCE.
Göbekli Tepe, which translates to "Potbelly Hill" in Turkish, is a hilltop sanctuary that was created by ancient hunter-gatherer societies. The most intriguing aspect of this site is not just the fact that it predates the invention of writing, the wheel, and agriculture, but also the complexity and sophistication of its architecture. The stones at Göbekli Tepe weigh several tons and are intricately carved with depictions of animals, indicating a level of social organization and craftsmanship that was previously unknown for this time period.
The discovery and ongoing research at Göbekli Tepe have challenged many long-held assumptions about the development of human civilization. It suggests that religion and the collective belief in supernatural powers might have been the driving force behind the creation of complex societies, contrary to the common belief that agriculture led to the rise of civilization.
Resources for Study
Göbekli Tepe - The World's First Temple - National Geographic provides an in-depth overview of Göbekli Tepe, its discovery, and its significance.
Göbekli Tepe: The World's First Temple? - A YouTube video by Smithsonian Channel that provides a visual tour of the site and its findings.
Göbekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple - Khan Academy offers an art history perspective on the site, with detailed images and explanations of the carvings.
Göbekli Tepe: The Burying of a Megalithic Site - A TED Talk by Klaus Schmidt, the archaeologist who discovered Göbekli Tepe, provides a deeper understanding of the site and its implications.
Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods - A book by Andrew Collins that delves into the mysteries of Göbekli Tepe and its implications for our understanding of human civilization.
Please make sure to use these resources as a starting point for your research. Feel free to explore other reputable sources to enhance your understanding and nurture your curiosity about this fascinating topic. Remember, the more you dig, the more you will find!
Activity Title: "Unraveling the Mysteries of Göbekli Tepe: An Archaeological Expedition"
Objective of the Project
The main objective of this project is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the Göbekli Tepe archaeological site, its historical significance, and its impact on our understanding of human civilization. By engaging in group work and hands-on activities, students will enhance their research, communication, problem-solving, and creative thinking skills.
Detailed Description of the Project
Students will be divided into groups of 3 to 5 members. Each group will be tasked with conducting an imaginary archaeological expedition to Göbekli Tepe. They will have to plan and execute the dig, interpret the findings, and prepare a detailed report documenting their journey and discoveries.
- Computers with internet access for research
- Notebook for drafting the report
- Art supplies for creating visual presentations (optional)
Detailed Step-by-Step for Carrying Out the Activity
Research and Planning (4 hours): Each group should begin by conducting thorough research on Göbekli Tepe using the provided resources and any additional sources they find credible. They should make note of the site's historical context, its discovery, its architectural features, and its importance in reshaping our understanding of human civilization.
Archaeological Dig Simulation (4 hours): After the research phase, each group will simulate an archaeological dig at Göbekli Tepe. They will have to create a detailed plan for the dig, including the tools they will need and the areas they will excavate.
Interpretation of Findings (2 hours): Once the "dig" is complete, the groups will analyze their "findings". They should discuss and interpret what these findings might tell us about the ancient people who built Göbekli Tepe and the role of religion in early human societies.
Report Preparation (4 hours): Each group will prepare a detailed report of their expedition, following the provided structure: Introduction, Development, Conclusions, and Used Bibliography.
In the Introduction, students should provide a brief overview of Göbekli Tepe and its significance, and explain the objective of their expedition. They should also mention the sources they used for their research.
The Development section should detail the planning and execution of their archaeological dig, the findings they obtained, and their interpretation of these findings. This section should be supplemented with photos or illustrations of their simulated dig and findings.
In the Conclusions, students should summarize their main findings, reflect on what they learned from the project, and discuss the implications of Göbekli Tepe for our understanding of human civilization.
The Used Bibliography should list all the sources they consulted for their project.
Presentation (1 hour): Each group will present their findings and report to the class, encouraging questions and discussion.
At the end of the project, each group will submit:
- A written report following the provided structure.
- A visual presentation (optional).
- A reflection statement on the project (included in the Conclusions of the report).
The report should be detailed, well-organized, and clearly written. The reflection statement should discuss the skills they developed during the project, the challenges they faced, and how they overcame them.
The project will be evaluated based on the following criteria:
Research and Understanding (25%): Did the group show a deep understanding of the topic? Did they conduct thorough research and use reliable sources?
Planning and Execution of the Dig (25%): Did the group create a comprehensive plan for the dig? Did they execute the dig effectively?
Interpretation of Findings (20%): Did the group interpret their findings in a logical and informed way? Did they draw connections between their findings and the site's historical context?
Report and Presentation (20%): Was the report well-structured and detailed? Was the presentation clear and engaging?
Collaboration and Time Management (10%): Did the group work well together? Did they manage their time effectively to complete the project on time?
Remember, the goal of this project is not just to learn about Göbekli Tepe, but also to develop important skills like collaboration, problem-solving, and creative thinking. Good luck, and enjoy your archaeological expedition!