Project: Exploring the Green Revolution: From Seeds to Harvest

Environmental science


Green Revolution



The Green Revolution, a term coined by William Gaud, refers to a series of technological advancements and changes in agricultural practices that occurred between the 1940s and the late 1960s. These changes aimed to increase global food production and improve food security. The revolution was characterized by the development of high-yielding crop varieties, the introduction of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and significant changes in farming practices.

The project aims to explore the Green Revolution, its causes, impacts, and implications on a global scale. This period of time was marked by a significant increase in food production worldwide, which helped to alleviate hunger and famine in many countries. However, it also brought about a series of environmental and socio-economic challenges that we still face today.

The Green Revolution was a response to the world's growing population and the need to produce more food. Traditional farming methods were not able to keep up with the demand, leading to hunger and malnutrition in many parts of the world. The introduction of high-yielding crop varieties and modern agricultural practices dramatically increased crop yields, making it possible to feed more people.

However, the Green Revolution also had some negative impacts. The use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides led to soil degradation and water pollution. The reliance on a few high-yielding crop varieties also reduced biodiversity and made crops more susceptible to pests and diseases. The Green Revolution also had socio-economic impacts, with small-scale farmers often struggling to afford the inputs needed to compete with larger, more mechanized farms.


Understanding the Green Revolution is essential for understanding our current food system and the challenges we face in feeding a growing global population. The techniques and technologies developed during the Green Revolution are still widely used today, and many of the problems they created, such as soil degradation and water pollution, are still with us.

The world's population is projected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, and we will need to produce 70% more food than we do now to feed everyone. This means that we need to find ways to increase food production sustainably, without causing further damage to the environment or exacerbating social inequalities.

The Green Revolution provides valuable lessons for this challenge. It shows us the potential of technological innovation to increase food production, but also the importance of considering the wider environmental and social impacts of these changes.


To assist in your understanding and research on the Green Revolution, the following resources are recommended:

  1. Book: "The Green Revolution: Impacts, Limitations and the Path Ahead" by Andrew P. Gutierrez, Kent M. Daane, Timothy D. Paine, and Robert G. Zalom.
  2. Video: The Green Revolution: Curse or Blessing? by Kurzgesagt ‚Äď In a Nutshell.
  3. Website: The Green Revolution from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  4. Document: The Green Revolution from National Geographic.
  5. Document: Green Revolution from the UN Chronicle.

These resources provide a comprehensive overview of the Green Revolution, its impacts, and its implications for our current food system. They will be a valuable starting point for your research and discussions during this project.

Practical Activity

Activity Title: The Green Revolution - From Seeds to Harvest

Objective of the Project:

To understand the Green Revolution, its causes, impacts, and implications on a global scale, we will be carrying out a practical activity involving planting two varieties of the same crop: one traditional variety and one high-yielding variety. We will also analyze the factors that contribute to the success or failure of each variety.

Detailed Description of the Project:

Students will be divided into groups of 3-5. Each group will be provided with two varieties of the same crop (e.g., wheat, rice, corn) - one traditional variety and one high-yielding variety. The seeds will be planted in separate pots or plots, and the growth and development of each variety will be monitored over a period of one month.

At the end of the project, each group will present their findings, including observations of the growth and development of each variety, any differences in yield, and an analysis of the factors that contributed to these differences.

Necessary Materials:

  • Seeds of two varieties of the same crop
  • Pots or a small plot of land for planting
  • Soil
  • Water
  • Fertilizer
  • Measuring tools (ruler, tape measure, scale)
  • Notebook and Pen for taking observations

Detailed Step-By-Step for Carrying Out the Activity:

  1. Research: Before starting the practical part of the project, each group should conduct background research on the two varieties of the crop they are planting. They should find out about the characteristics of each variety, including their yield potential, resistance to pests and diseases, and nutrient requirements. They should also research the general principles of plant growth and development, and the factors that can influence these.

  2. Planning: Based on their research, each group should develop a planting and care plan for their two varieties of crop. The plan should detail when and how the seeds will be planted, how they will be watered and fertilized, and any other care they will receive.

  3. Planting and Care: Following their plan, each group should plant their seeds and care for their plants over the next month. They should take regular observations of the growth and development of their plants, and record these in their notebook.

  4. Harvest and Yield Assessment: At the end of the month, each group should harvest their crops. They should weigh the yields from each variety, and calculate the difference in yield between the two.

  5. Presentation Preparation: Each group should prepare a presentation of their findings, including their observations of plant growth and development, their yield data, and a discussion of the factors that contributed to the differences in yield between the two varieties.

  6. Presentation: Each group will present their findings to the class. The presentation should be clear, engaging, and informative.

Project Deliveries:

Each group will submit a written document containing the following sections:

  1. Introduction: The students should briefly introduce the Green Revolution, its significance, and their objective in this project.

  2. Development: This section should detail the theory behind the Green Revolution, the steps they followed in carrying out the activity, the methodology used, and a comprehensive analysis of the results obtained. The students should draw connections between their findings and the concepts learned about the Green Revolution.

  3. Conclusion: The students should summarize their main findings, draw conclusions about the project, and discuss what these findings might mean in the context of the Green Revolution and our current food system.

  4. Bibliography: The students should list the sources they used in their research and for the preparation of their project.

The report should be a comprehensive overview of the project, including the theory behind the Green Revolution, the practical activity, and the results and conclusions drawn from the project. It should also reflect on the socio-economic and environmental implications of the Green Revolution, and the challenges and opportunities it presents for our current food system.

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