Project: "Narrative Architects: Exploring and Applying Narrative Techniques"



Narrative Techniques


Literature is an art form that has been used for centuries to communicate, entertain, and provoke thought. Within this art form, there are various techniques that writers employ to create a compelling narrative. These techniques include point of view, character development, plot structure, and literary devices. Each of these elements plays a crucial role in how a story is told and how the reader engages with it.

Importance of Narrative Techniques

Understanding these narrative techniques is not just important for writers, but for all of us as consumers of stories. Whether you're reading a novel, watching a movie, or even listening to a friend recount their day, narrative techniques are at work, shaping the way the story is told and the impact it has on the audience.

For instance, the point of view from which a story is told can drastically change our understanding of events and characters. A story told from a first-person perspective might be more intimate and subjective, while a story told from an omniscient third-person perspective might provide a broader, more objective view.

Similarly, the way a writer develops their characters can profoundly affect our engagement with the story. A well-developed character feels real and multi-dimensional, making it easier for us to care about what happens to them.

Real-World Application

These narrative techniques are not just confined to the world of literature. They are used extensively in film, television, advertising, and even in our everyday communication.

In film and television, for example, the use of different camera angles, lighting, and music can create a specific mood or viewpoint, just as a writer's choice of words and sentence structure can in a novel.

In advertising, narratives are often used to create a story around a product or brand, making it more relatable and memorable.

In our everyday communication, we often use narrative techniques without even realizing it. We might change the order of events or emphasize certain details to make our story more engaging or persuasive.

Reliable Resources

To delve deeper into the topic, you can consult the following reliable resources:

  1. Literary Devices: This website provides clear explanations and examples of various literary devices, such as simile, metaphor, and foreshadowing.

  2. The Art of Storytelling: This resource offers a comprehensive guide to storytelling, including tips on plot structure, character development, and more.

  3. Khan Academy: Point of view: This video lesson from Khan Academy explores the concept of point of view in storytelling, using examples from Pixar films.

  4. The Writer's Craft: Character: This free online course from edX delves into the craft of creating memorable characters in fiction.

  5. Plot and Structure: This resource from MasterClass offers tips and insights into plot and structure in storytelling.

Practical Activity

Activity Title: "Narrative Architects: An Immersive Exploration of Storytelling Techniques"

Objective of the Project:

The objective of this project is to create an original narrative using a chosen set of narrative techniques. This project will not only require students to understand these techniques but also to apply them effectively to create an engaging and cohesive story. The narrative should demonstrate a clear understanding and use of point of view, character development, plot structure, and literary devices.

Detailed Description of the Project:

The project will be divided into two main parts:

  1. Theoretical Understanding and Application: In this stage, students will delve into the theory of narrative techniques and their significance. They will then apply this understanding to analyze examples of narratives from various sources (e.g., books, films, advertisements, etc.) to identify how these techniques are used to shape the story.

  2. Narrative Creation: In this stage, students will work collaboratively to create an original narrative. The narrative should demonstrate a clear understanding and application of the chosen narrative techniques.

Necessary Materials:

  1. Internet access for research and collaboration.
  2. Access to books, films, advertisements, etc. for analysis.
  3. Writing materials and/or a digital platform for creating the narrative.

Detailed Step-by-Step for Carrying Out the Activity:

  1. Group Formation: Form groups of 3-5 students. Each group should have a diverse mix of skills, including researchers, analyzers, and creative writers.

  2. Theory Exploration: Individually, each student should research and prepare a report on a specific narrative technique (Point of View, Character Development, Plot Structure, and Literary Devices). Each student will present their findings to the group, and together, the group will compile a comprehensive understanding of these techniques.

  3. Narrative Analysis: As a group, analyze a few narratives (books, films, advertisements, etc.) using the learned techniques. Discuss how the authors/creators have used these techniques to shape the story and impact the audience.

  4. Narrative Planning: Based on the analyzed narratives, as a group, decide on a narrative concept for your project. Clearly identify and assign the use of narrative techniques to different parts of the story.

  5. Narrative Creation: Collaboratively, write the narrative, ensuring that each narrative technique is applied effectively and cohesively.

  6. Review and Revision: Review the draft of the narrative as a group, and revise as necessary, making sure that each narrative technique is used appropriately and adds value to the story.

  7. Presentation Preparation: Prepare a presentation of your narrative, highlighting the use of narrative techniques and the story's journey.

  8. Report Writing: As a group, write a report detailing your understanding of narrative techniques, your analysis of the chosen narratives, the process of creating your own narrative, and the final results.

Project Deliveries and Connection with the Written Document:

The project will culminate in two deliverables:

  1. Presentation: Each group will present their narrative and explain how they used the narrative techniques to shape the story. The presentation should be creative, engaging, and clear in its communication of the learning journey.

  2. Written Document: Following the presentation, each group will submit a detailed report. The report should be structured as follows:

  • Introduction: Contextualize the theme, its relevance, real-world application, and the objective of this project.
  • Development: Detail the theory behind the narrative techniques and how they were applied in the analysis and creation of the narrative. Explain the methodology used in the project and finally, present and discuss the obtained results.
  • Conclusion: Revisit the main points of the project, explicitly state the learnings obtained, and the conclusions drawn about the project.
  • Bibliography: Indicate the sources relied on during the project, following a consistent citation style.

The written document should be a comprehensive reflection of the project, articulating the understanding gained about the narrative techniques and how they were applied to create the narrative. It should also detail the group's collaborative process, problem-solving strategies, and the results and insights obtained from the project.

This project will not only assess students' understanding of narrative techniques but also their ability to work collaboratively, think critically, and apply their knowledge creatively.

Iara Tip


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