# Contextualization

## Introduction

Decimals are an essential part of our everyday lives. From our morning coffee to the price tag on our favorite shirt, decimals are everywhere. They are used to represent numbers that are not whole, but rather, they are part of a whole. Adding and subtracting decimals is a fundamental arithmetic operation that allows us to perform calculations with these numbers.

This project will delve into the concept of adding and subtracting decimals, offering a hands-on approach that will make these operations more tangible and relatable. Understanding how to add and subtract decimals is not only crucial for math class but is also a skill that can be applied to a wide range of real-life scenarios, such as shopping, cooking, and managing finances.

## Real-World Relevance

In the real world, we often encounter situations that require the addition or subtraction of decimals. For instance, when you go shopping and calculate the total cost of your purchases, you are adding decimals. If you are given a budget for a party and need to know how much you have left after buying decorations, you are subtracting decimals.

In the professional sphere, decimals also play a significant role. For example, a chef needs to adjust ingredient quantities in a recipe, a contractor needs to estimate the cost of a construction project, and a financial analyst needs to calculate percentages for investment purposes. All these scenarios involve adding or subtracting decimals.

## Resources

To develop a deeper understanding of adding and subtracting decimals, you can refer to the following resources:

1. Khan Academy: Adding & subtracting decimals - This resource provides step-by-step explanations and examples, along with interactive practice exercises.
2. Math is Fun: Decimals - This website offers a comprehensive overview of decimals, including how to add and subtract them.
3. Math Goodies: Decimals - This resource includes lessons, worksheets, and interactive games to help understand decimals and their operations.
4. IXL Learning: Decimals - This site provides unlimited practice in adding and subtracting decimals, along with detailed explanations for each question.

# Practical Activity

## Objective of the Project:

The main goal of this project is to develop a deep understanding of how to add and subtract decimals in real-world scenarios. Students will work in groups of 3 to 5 to design and execute a creative project that incorporates these mathematical operations.

By the end of the project, students should be able to:

1. Understand the concept of adding and subtracting decimals.
2. Apply this knowledge in real-world situations.
3. Collaborate effectively in a team to problem-solve and complete a project.
4. Enhance their creativity and critical thinking skills.

## Detailed Description of the Project:

Each group will choose a real-world context where adding and subtracting decimals are involved. This could be planning a party, shopping for groceries, creating a recipe, or any other scenario that requires these mathematical operations.

After selecting the context, each group will create a detailed plan, execute it, and report on their findings. The project should include written documentation, visual aids, and any other creative elements that enhance the understanding and presentation of the added and subtracted decimals.

The duration of the project is two weeks, and each student is expected to contribute approximately five to ten hours in total.

## Necessary Materials:

1. Notebook for brainstorming, planning, and documenting.
2. Computer or tablet with internet access for research and creating digital elements of the project (if applicable).
3. Art supplies (colored pencils, markers, craft paper, etc.) for creating visual aids (if applicable).

## Detailed Step-by-Step for Carrying Out the Activity:

### Step 1: Context Selection and Planning (3 hours)

In their groups, students will brainstorm and discuss potential real-world scenarios where adding and subtracting decimals are used. Once they have decided on a context, they will plan out the project, including the specific calculations they need to perform, the real-world data they will use, and the format of their final presentation.

### Step 2: Research and Data Collection (3-5 hours)

Students will conduct research to gather the necessary data for their project. This could involve researching prices of items, nutritional information in recipes, or other relevant information. They should document their sources for later reference.

### Step 3: Calculation and Presentation Design (3-5 hours)

Using the data they have collected, students will perform the necessary additions and subtractions. They should document their calculations clearly and neatly. They will also design the visual elements of their presentation, such as charts, graphs, or models.

### Step 4: Presentation and Documentation (2-4 hours)

Groups will present their projects to the class, explaining their real-world context, the calculations they performed, and the results. They will also submit a written document, as detailed below.

## Project Deliverables:

The students will prepare a written document following the structure below:

1. Introduction: The chosen real-world context, its relevance, and the objective of the project. (Approximately 200-300 words)
2. Development: A detailed description of the activity, the theory behind adding and subtracting decimals, the methodology used in the project, and a discussion of the results. Include any challenges faced and how they were overcome. (Approximately 500-800 words)
3. Conclusion: A summary of the main points, the learnings obtained, and the conclusions drawn about the project. (Approximately 200-300 words)
4. Bibliography: The sources used for the project, such as books, web pages, videos, etc.

The written document should complement the visual presentation, providing a more detailed explanation of the project, the calculations, and the results. The document should be written in a formal, academic style, using proper grammar and spelling. It should demonstrate a deep understanding of the concept of adding and subtracting decimals and how they are applied in real-world scenarios.

IARA TIP

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