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Question about Energy in an Ecosystem

Environmental science

Originais Teachy

Energy in an Ecosystem

Hard

(Originais Teachy 2023) - Question Hard of Environmental science

Imagine a forest ecosystem where sunlight is the primary source of energy. Producers like trees and plants absorb the sunlight and convert it into chemical energy through photosynthesis. This energy then passes through different trophic levels in the ecosystem, from primary consumers (herbivores) to secondary consumers (carnivores) and decomposers. Given this context, how would an extended period of reduced sunlight, such as during a volcanic winter, affect the energy flow in this ecosystem and what could be the potential impacts on the different trophic levels? Provide your answer based on the principles of energy transformation and transfer in an ecosystem.
a.
An extended period of reduced sunlight would not affect the energy flow in the ecosystem, and there would be no impact on the different trophic levels.
b.
An extended period of reduced sunlight would disrupt the energy flow in the ecosystem, but only the primary consumers would be affected.
c.
An extended period of reduced sunlight would increase the energy flow in the ecosystem, leading to a decrease in the population of producers and an increase in the population of consumers.
d.
An extended period of reduced sunlight would disrupt the energy flow in the ecosystem, leading to potential population declines at all trophic levels.
e.
An extended period of reduced sunlight would increase the energy flow in the ecosystem, leading to population growth at all trophic levels.

Answer:

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