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Question about Genetic: Mutations

Biology

Originais Teachy

Genetic: Mutations

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(Originais Teachy 2023) - Question Medium of Biology

A team of biologists is studying a rare genetic mutation found in a population of fruit flies. They've noticed that flies with this mutation have an unusual wing shape not seen in the general population. Using your knowledge of genetics and mutations, explain how this single mutation could cause such a significant change in the fruit flies' phenotype.
a.
A single mutation in a gene can cause a significant change in an organism's phenotype by altering the sequence of nucleotides in the DNA, changing the protein that is produced, and ultimately affecting the organism's physical characteristics.
b.
A single mutation in a gene can cause a significant change in an organism's phenotype by altering the sequence of nucleotides in the DNA, but it does not change the protein that is produced.
c.
A single mutation in a gene can cause a significant change in an organism's phenotype by altering the sequence of nucleotides in the DNA, but it does not affect the organism's physical characteristics.
d.
A single mutation in a gene can cause a significant change in an organism's phenotype, but it does not alter the sequence of nucleotides in the DNA or change the protein that is produced.
e.
A single mutation in a gene cannot cause a significant change in an organism's phenotype, it only alters the sequence of nucleotides in the DNA.

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