Objectives (5  7 minutes)
 To understand the concept of stoichiometry and its importance in chemistry.
 To be able to use the principles of stoichiometry to predict the outcomes of chemical reactions and determine the amounts of reactants and products.
 To develop problemsolving skills in applying stoichiometry to practical situations.
Secondary Objectives:
 To foster collaborative learning and discussion among students.
 To enhance students' independent learning skills through preclass assignments.
 To promote the use of technology in learning and understanding complex scientific concepts.
Introduction (10  12 minutes)

The teacher begins by reminding the students of the basic concepts of chemical reactions they have learned in previous classes. This includes the idea of reactants and products, and how the arrangement and combination of atoms in these substances can change during a reaction. This serves as a foundation for the more complex topic of stoichiometry.

The teacher then presents two problem situations to the students:
 "If we have 4 apples and 6 oranges, and we make fruit salad, how many pieces of fruit will we have in total?"
 "If we have 2 molecules of hydrogen and 1 molecule of oxygen, and we combine them to form water, how many molecules of water will we get?" The teacher emphasizes that both situations involve the same concept of combining different amounts of substances to form a new substance, which is the basis of stoichiometry.

Next, the teacher contextualizes the importance of stoichiometry by discussing its realworld applications. The teacher can mention how stoichiometry is used in various fields such as pharmacy (for drug formulation), environmental science (for understanding and predicting chemical reactions in the environment), and even in cooking (for understanding the chemical reactions that occur during food preparation).

To introduce the topic and grab the students' attention, the teacher can share two interesting facts or stories related to stoichiometry:
 The story of the Apollo 13 mission, where the crew had to use stoichiometry to convert carbon dioxide, a waste product, back into oxygen to survive.
 The teacher can show a short video clip of a chemist using stoichiometry to create fireworks, explaining that the different colors in fireworks are produced by burning different chemicals together in the right stoichiometric ratios.

Finally, the teacher formally introduces the topic of stoichiometry, explaining that it is the study of the quantitative relationships between reactants and products in a chemical reaction. The teacher assures the students that by the end of the lesson, they will be able to apply stoichiometry to solve similar problems.
By the end of this stage, the students should have a clear understanding of what stoichiometry is, why it is important, and how it can be applied in realworld situations.
Development
PreClass Activities (15  20 minutes)

The teacher assigns a video tutorial on stoichiometry. The video should cover the basic concepts of the topic, explain how to balance chemical equations, and demonstrate how to use stoichiometry to determine the quantities of reactants and products. The students are required to watch the video at home and take notes. They should also list down any questions or areas of confusion that they might have for further discussion in the classroom.

The teacher also assigns a stoichiometry problem set for the students to solve. The problems should cover a range of difficulties, from simple ones involving the stoichiometry of binary compounds to more complex ones involving the stoichiometry of compounds with multiple elements. The students are expected to attempt the problems at home using the knowledge gained from the video tutorial. The solutions should not be provided, as the students will be going over these problems in class as part of the lesson.
InClass Activities (20  25 minutes)
Activity 1: "Running a Kitchen Lab"

The teacher divides the students into groups of 4 or 5 and assigns each group a recipe for a simple dish that involves a chemical reaction, such as pancakes (involving the reaction of baking powder with an acid to produce carbon dioxide), or homemade playdough (involving the reaction of flour and water with salt to form a polymer). The recipes should include the amounts of each ingredient needed.

Each group is then given a "Molecular Recipe Card" which lists the molecular formulas of each ingredient in the recipe.

The groups are asked to balance the "molecular recipe" (i.e., the chemical equation representing the reaction that occurs in the recipe) using the principles of stoichiometry. They should then use the balanced equation to predict how much of the product they will get from a given amount of reactant.

After the calculations, the groups prepare their dish, following the recipe and proportions they have determined using stoichiometry.

During the cooking process, the teacher goes around the groups, supervising and facilitating discussions about stoichiometry and the chemical reactions occurring in the recipe. The teacher can also answer any questions the students may have about the process.

Once the dishes are prepared, the entire class comes together to share their results and discuss any discrepancies between the predicted and actual outcomes. The teacher leads the discussion, highlighting how the principles of stoichiometry were applied and the importance of accurate measurements in the kitchen and in the lab.

Finally, the class enjoys the fruits of their labor, reinforcing the connection between the theory of stoichiometry and its practical application.
Activity 2: "The Great Chemical Race"

The teacher prepares several sets of stoichiometry problems (one set for each group), each problem representing a "leg" of a race.

The class is divided into groups of 4 or 5. Each group is given a set of stoichiometry problems, one problem per group member.

The teacher explains that the race is to see which group can solve all their stoichiometry problems correctly and the fastest.

The race begins and the students start solving their problems. The teacher circulates around the room, offering guidance and assistance as needed.

Once a group has solved all their problems, they raise their hand. The teacher quickly checks their solutions. If they are all correct, the group is declared the winner of that "leg" and receives a small reward (e.g., a chocolate bar).

The race continues until all groups have finished. The teacher then leads a discussion, going over the solutions to the problems as a class, reinforcing the principles of stoichiometry and addressing any common errors or areas of confusion.
By the end of this stage, the students should have a strong understanding of stoichiometry, its application in realworld situations, and the ability to solve stoichiometry problems accurately and efficiently.
Feedback (8  10 minutes)

The teacher initiates a group discussion, asking each group to share their solutions or conclusions from the activities. The students are encouraged to explain their thought process and the steps they took to arrive at their solutions. This allows for a crosspollination of ideas and promotes a deeper understanding of the topic.

The teacher then facilitates a connection between the activities and the theoretical concepts of stoichiometry. For instance, in the "Running a Kitchen Lab" activity, the teacher can emphasize how the process of balancing the molecular recipe (chemical equation) and using it to predict the final product is a practical application of stoichiometry. Similarly, in the "Great Chemical Race" activity, the teacher can highlight how the students used stoichiometry to calculate the amounts of reactants and products in each problem.

The teacher then asks the students to reflect on the successes and challenges they faced during the lesson. This can be done through a whole class discussion or by having the students write their reflections on a piece of paper. The teacher may use the following questions as a guide:
 What was the most important concept you learned today?
 What was the most challenging part of the lesson?
 How did you overcome the challenges?
 What questions or confusions do you still have about stoichiometry?

The teacher then collects the students' reflections and uses them to inform future lessons and address any lingering questions or confusions. This also provides an opportunity for the teacher to assess the effectiveness of the lesson and make any necessary adjustments for the next class.

Finally, the teacher wraps up the lesson by summarizing the key points and homework assignments. The students are reminded to review the concepts of stoichiometry, practice more problems, and come prepared for the next class.
By the end of the feedback stage, the students should have a clear understanding of their learning progress, any areas they need to work on, and what to expect in the next class.
Conclusion (5  7 minutes)

The teacher begins by summarizing the key points of the lesson. They remind the students that stoichiometry is the study of the quantitative relationships between reactants and products in a chemical reaction. The teacher emphasizes that stoichiometry is not only about balancing chemical equations, but also about predicting the amounts of reactants and products based on the balanced equation. The teacher also highlights the importance of accurate measurements and calculations in stoichiometry.

The teacher then explains how the lesson connected theory, practice, and applications. They mention how the preclass video tutorial provided the theoretical foundation of stoichiometry, the inclass activities (the "Running a Kitchen Lab" and the "Great Chemical Race") allowed the students to apply this theory in a practical setting, and the discussion and reflection at the end of the class helped the students understand the realworld applications of stoichiometry.

The teacher suggests additional materials to complement the students' understanding of the topic. This can include more video tutorials on stoichiometry, online interactive stoichiometry problem sets, and suggested reading materials from textbooks or reliable online resources. The teacher also encourages the students to explore the realworld applications of stoichiometry in their own time, and to come prepared with any questions or interesting facts they might have for the next class.

Finally, the teacher explains the importance of stoichiometry in everyday life. They mention how stoichiometry is used in various fields such as pharmaceuticals (for drug formulation), environmental science (for understanding and predicting chemical reactions in the environment), and even in cooking (for understanding the chemical reactions that occur during food preparation). The teacher also emphasizes that stoichiometry is a fundamental concept in chemistry, and a strong understanding of it is essential for further studies in the subject.
By the end of the conclusion stage, the students should have a comprehensive understanding of stoichiometry, its practical applications, and its importance in everyday life. They should also feel confident in their ability to apply the principles of stoichiometry to solve problems and make predictions in chemical reactions.