Objectives (5  7 minutes)
The teacher will:
 Introduce the topic of properties of operations in mathematics and explain its importance in simplifying and solving complex mathematical problems.
 Set the stage for the lesson by stating three clear objectives:
 Students will understand and apply the commutative property of addition and multiplication.
 Students will understand and apply the associative property of addition and multiplication.
 Students will understand and apply the distributive property of multiplication over addition.
 Explain how the lesson will progress, outlining the key points to be covered and providing a brief overview of the activities that will reinforce the learning of these properties.
 Encourage students to actively participate in the lesson by asking questions and sharing their thoughts on the topic. This will ensure that students are engaged and ready to learn.
Introduction (10  12 minutes)
The teacher will:

Remind students of previous lessons on addition, multiplication, and order of operations in mathematics. This will serve as a foundation for the current topic and help students to make connections with what they already know. (23 minutes)

Present two problem situations to the class:
 The teacher might ask, "What would happen if we changed the order of adding or multiplying two numbers? Would the result be the same?" This question introduces the concept of commutative property.
 Another question might be, "How could we simplify the expression 3 × (4 + 2)?" This question introduces the concept of the distributive property. (34 minutes)

Contextualize the importance of the topic with realworld applications:
 The teacher can explain that understanding the properties of operations can help in everyday situations, such as when shopping and calculating discounts or when managing time and setting schedules.
 The teacher can also highlight how these properties are fundamental in higherlevel mathematics, such as algebra and calculus. (23 minutes)

Grab the students' attention with two curious facts or stories related to the topic:
 The teacher can mention that the commutative property is not always applicable, for instance, in the case of subtraction or division. This can lead to a brief discussion on why this is so.
 The teacher can share a fun fact about the history of these properties, such as the fact that they were first introduced by the ancient Greek mathematician Euclid over 2000 years ago. (23 minutes)
Development (20  25 minutes)
The teacher will:
1. Commutative Property of Addition and Multiplication (7  9 minutes)
 Define the commutative property of addition: The teacher will explain that changing the order of the addends does not change the sum. For any numbers a and b, a + b = b + a. (1  2 minutes)
 Provide a few examples of the commutative property of addition and ask students to solve them on their own. This could include simple calculations with numbers, and also more complex examples like adding fractions or decimals. The teacher should emphasize that the property holds true for any numbers. (3  4 minutes)
 Define the commutative property of multiplication: The teacher will explain that changing the order of the factors does not change the product. For any numbers a and b, a × b = b × a. (1  2 minutes)
 Repeat the process, this time with examples of the commutative property of multiplication. The teacher should include simple calculations and more complex examples with fractions or decimals. (2  3 minutes)
2. Associative Property of Addition and Multiplication (7  9 minutes)
 Define the associative property of addition: The teacher will explain that when adding three or more numbers, the grouping of the numbers does not change the sum. For any numbers a, b, and c, (a + b) + c = a + (b + c). (1  2 minutes)
 Again, the teacher should provide examples of the associative property of addition and ask students to solve them on their own. The teacher should include examples with different groupings of numbers. (2  3 minutes)
 Define the associative property of multiplication: The teacher will explain that when multiplying three or more numbers, the grouping of the numbers does not change the product. For any numbers a, b, and c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c). (1  2 minutes)
 Repeat the process with examples of the associative property of multiplication. The teacher should include examples with different groupings of numbers. (2  3 minutes)
3. Distributive Property of Multiplication over Addition (6  7 minutes)
 Define the distributive property of multiplication over addition: The teacher will explain that when multiplying a number by the sum of two numbers, it is the same as doing each multiplication separately then adding them. For any numbers a, b, and c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c). (1  2 minutes)
 The teacher will repeat the process, this time with examples of the distributive property of multiplication over addition. The teacher should include simple calculations and more complex examples with fractions or decimals. (3  4 minutes)
 The teacher will explain that the distributive property is often used to simplify algebraic expressions, and give an example of how it can be used in this context. (2  3 minutes)
4. Summarize and Connect the Properties (2  3 minutes)
 The teacher will summarize the properties that have been discussed and connect them to previous topics, such as addition, multiplication, and order of operations. This will help students to see how these properties are not just abstract concepts, but rather fundamental rules that underlie much of mathematics. (1  2 minutes)
The teacher should encourage students to ask questions and engage in discussions throughout the development of the lesson. This will help to ensure that all students are following the lesson and understanding the concepts being presented. The teacher should also provide feedback and corrections as necessary to ensure that all students are understanding and applying the properties correctly.
Feedback (10  12 minutes)
The teacher will:

Summarize the main points of the lesson, recapping the definitions and examples of the commutative, associative, and distributive properties. The teacher will also highlight the realworld applications and the importance of these properties in simplifying and solving mathematical problems. (2  3 minutes)

Encourage students to reflect on what they have learned by asking them to:
 Write down one thing they found most interesting about the properties of operations. This could be a particular example, a realworld application, or a connection to a previous topic.
 Write down one question they still have or one concept they found challenging. The teacher will collect these questions for further discussion or clarification in future lessons. (3  4 minutes)

Facilitate a class discussion based on the reflections and questions. The teacher will address any common misconceptions or difficulties and provide additional examples or explanations as needed. This will allow the teacher to assess the students' understanding and identify any areas that may require further instruction or practice. (3  4 minutes)

Assign a brief homework task to consolidate the learning from the lesson. This could be a set of problems that require the use of the commutative, associative, and distributive properties, or a short worksheet with multiplechoice or true/false questions about these properties. The teacher will collect and review the homework in the next class, providing feedback and corrections as necessary. (1  2 minutes)

Conclude the lesson by reminding the students of the importance of practicing these properties regularly to strengthen their understanding and application. The teacher will also encourage students to continue exploring these properties in more complex mathematical contexts, such as algebraic expressions and equations. (1 minute)
Throughout this feedback stage, the teacher should maintain a supportive and encouraging atmosphere, ensuring that all students feel comfortable to share their reflections and questions. The teacher should also provide clear and constructive feedback on the students' work, highlighting both correct and incorrect applications of the properties and explaining any errors or misconceptions. This will help to reinforce the correct understanding and application of the properties and guide the students' future learning and practice.
Conclusion (3  5 minutes)
The teacher will:

Summarize and recap the main contents of the lesson. This will include a brief overview of the commutative, associative, and distributive properties of addition and multiplication, and how they can be used to simplify and solve mathematical problems. The teacher will also recap the examples and applications discussed during the lesson. (1  2 minutes)

Highlight how the lesson connected theory, practice, and applications. The teacher will explain how the theoretical understanding of these properties is essential for applying them in practice, and how the examples and applications discussed in class help to illustrate this. The teacher will also emphasize the realworld applications of these properties, demonstrating how they are not just abstract mathematical concepts, but also have practical uses in everyday situations. (1  2 minutes)

Suggest additional materials for students who wish to explore the topic further. This could include online resources, textbooks, or worksheets that provide more examples and practice problems on the properties of operations. The teacher can also recommend math games or apps that incorporate these properties, making the learning process more engaging and fun. (1 minute)

Conclude the lesson by stressing the importance of understanding and applying these properties in mathematics. The teacher will explain that these properties are fundamental rules in mathematics, and a solid understanding of them is necessary for more advanced topics, such as algebra and calculus. The teacher will also remind students that practicing these properties regularly will not only improve their mathematical skills but also enhance their problemsolving and critical thinking abilities. (1 minute)
The teacher should use this conclusion stage to assess the students' understanding of the lesson's contents and their ability to apply the properties of operations. The teacher should also provide feedback on the students' performance during the lesson and their completion of the homework, highlighting both strengths and areas for improvement. This will help to motivate the students and guide their future learning and practice.