Contextualization
Complex numbers are a fundamental concept in mathematics. They are a combination of real numbers and imaginary numbers, represented as a + bi, where "a" and "b" are real numbers and "i" is the imaginary unit. The real part of the complex number is "a", and the imaginary part is "bi".
The imaginary unit "i" is defined as the square root of 1. This unit allows us to define and manipulate numbers that would otherwise be undefined or impossible in the real number system. Complex numbers are not just theoretical entities, but they have numerous applications in various fields of science and engineering, including electrical engineering, physics, and computer science.
In this project, we will delve into the operations of complex numbers, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These operations follow certain rules and properties, which we will explore and understand in detail. By mastering these operations, we will be able to solve complex number equations and problems, which are frequently encountered in higher mathematics and applied sciences.
To start your exploration and understanding of complex numbers, here are some resources that will guide you through this exciting journey:
 Khan Academy: Complex Numbers
 Math is Fun: Complex Numbers
 Purplemath: Complex Numbers
 Textbook: "Algebra and Trigonometry with Analytic Geometry" by Earl W. Swokowski and Jeffery A. Cole. This book is a comprehensive guide to the algebra of complex numbers and their applications.
Practical Activity
Activity Title: "Exploring the World of Complex Numbers"
Objective of the Project:
The main objective of this project is to understand the operations of complex numbers and their properties. By the end of the project, students should be able to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of complex numbers, and comprehend the rules and properties associated with these operations. This project will also enhance their collaborative and problemsolving skills.
Detailed Description of the Project:
In this project, students will form groups of 35 and create a presentation on the operations of complex numbers. Each group will be assigned one operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division) to focus on. The presentation should include a theoretical overview of the operation, stepbystep examples of how to perform the operation, and realworld applications of the operation.
The groups will also create a set of 10 practice problems related to their assigned operation. These problems should vary in difficulty level, ranging from basic to advanced, to challenge their peers. The solutions to these problems should be included in the presentation as well.
The project duration is one week, and each student is expected to dedicate 34 hours to it.
Necessary Materials:
 Internet access for research
 Paper and pen for brainstorming and problemsolving
 Presentation software (e.g., PowerPoint, Google Slides)
 A textbook or online resource for reference
Detailed StepbyStep for Carrying Out the Activity:

Formation of Groups and Assignment of Operations (Day 1): Form groups of 35 students. Each group will be assigned one operation of complex numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division).

Research and Understanding (Day 2 and Day 3): Research your assigned operation. Understand its theoretical aspect, the rules and properties associated with it, and how it is performed practically. Use the provided resources and any other reliable sources you find. Each group member should contribute to the research and understanding process.

Creation of Presentation (Day 4 and Day 5): Create a presentation on your assigned operation. The presentation should include a theoretical overview, stepbystep examples, and realworld applications of the operation. Make sure the content is clear, concise, and engaging. Be creative in your approach.

Creation of Practice Problems (Day 5): Create a set of 10 practice problems related to your assigned operation. Make sure the problems are diverse in difficulty level. Solutions to these problems should also be included in the presentation.

Review and Rehearsal (Day 6): Review your presentation. Make sure everything is in order and wellexplained. Rehearse the presentation to ensure a smooth delivery.

Presentation and Peer Review (Day 7): Present your work to the class. After each presentation, the groups should distribute their practice problems to the class for solving. The solutions should be discussed and explained by the presenting group. This will create an interactive learning environment and improve the understanding of complex number operations for everyone.
Project Deliverables:
At the end of the project, each group should submit:
 A PowerPoint or Google Slides presentation on their assigned operation of complex numbers. The presentation should include a theoretical overview, stepbystep examples, realworld applications, and practice problems with solutions.
 A written document in the format of a report. This document should contain the following sections:
 Introduction: Contextualize the theme, its relevance, realworld application, and the objective of this project.
 Development: Detail the theory behind the assigned operation, explain the activity in detail, indicate the methodology used, and finally present and discuss the obtained results.
 Conclusion: Conclude the work by revisiting its main points, stating the learnings obtained, and drawing conclusions about the project.
 Bibliography: Indicate the sources they relied on to work on the project.
This report should complement and reinforce the content of the presentation. It should clearly demonstrate the student's understanding of the assigned operation and their ability to apply it in practice. The document should be written in a formal and clear language, with proper citation of sources used.