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Project of Understanding of Convention


Introduction to the Theme

Literature, from classic novels to modern-day fiction, is a reflection of society and its people. It is a medium through which authors express their thoughts, ideas, and beliefs. The language used in literature, more specifically, the literary conventions, plays a crucial role in shaping the story and conveying the author's message.

In the world of literature, "convention" refers to the agreed-upon methods of doing things. These conventions include the use of standard English, the organization of paragraphs and chapters, techniques for creating suspense or tension, and many more. They are the norms and rules that writers follow to communicate effectively with their readers.

Understanding these conventions is necessary for both readers and writers. For a reader, recognizing and interpreting these conventions can enhance their understanding of the text. For a writer, mastering these conventions is key to effectively communicating their ideas to the readers.

Contextualization of the Theme

Literary conventions are not limited to just the realm of literature. They are prevalent in various other forms of media, such as movies, music, and even daily conversations. Thus, understanding these conventions can not only elevate your reading and writing skills but also improve your communication and comprehension skills in general.

In a broader perspective, the understanding of conventions contributes to the development of cultural literacy. It allows us to understand the implicit meanings in the texts and recognize the cultural references embedded within them. This, in turn, helps us to better understand the society and culture that the text is representing.

Moreover, in a world where communication is key, knowing and following conventions is crucial. Whether it is writing a formal email, preparing a presentation, or even just participating in a discussion, understanding and following the conventions of that particular form of communication is essential for effective communication.


  1. Literary Devices: This website provides an extensive list of various literary devices and their definitions, along with examples from literature.
  2. Purdue OWL: This is an excellent resource for understanding the conventions of writing, including grammar, punctuation, and style.
  3. TED-Ed: Understanding the Literary Device: Symbolism: This video from TED-Ed explains symbolism, a crucial literary device, in a simple and engaging manner.
  4. BBC Bitesize: Writing and Literary Devices: This resource provides an overview of different literary devices and their usage in writing.
  5. YouTube: Literary Conventions: This short video explains the concept of literary conventions and their importance.

Remember, these are just starting points. Feel free to explore more resources to deepen your understanding of the topic.

Practical Activity

Activity Title: "Exploring Literary Conventions: From Page to Screen"

Objective of the Project:

The main objective of this project is to understand how literary conventions are used in literature and how they are adapted when the same text is transformed into a different medium, such as a movie or a play. This project will delve into the world of literature and film, enhancing students' understanding of literary conventions and their adaptability.

Detailed Description of the Project:

In this project, students will select a novel or a short story of their choice, read it, and then watch a movie or a play based on the same text. They will identify and analyze the literary conventions used in the original text and then compare and contrast how these conventions are adapted in the visual medium. This project will require students to read, watch, analyze, and discuss, thereby engaging them in a comprehensive study of literary conventions.

Necessary Materials:

  1. A novel or a short story (book or online version)
  2. A movie or a play based on the selected text (DVD, online streaming, or theater ticket)
  3. Notebook or digital note-taking tool for analysis and discussion
  4. Internet access for research

Detailed Step-by-Step for Carrying out the Activity:

  1. Forming Groups and Selecting the Text: Students should form groups of 3 to 5 members each. Each group should then choose a novel or a short story that has been adapted into a movie or a play. It is recommended to select a text that is not too long and has a good film or play adaptation available.

  2. Reading and Watching: The selected text should be read by all the group members. After completing the reading, the group should then watch the movie or the play based on the same text.

  3. Identifying and Analyzing Literary Conventions: After watching the movie/play, the group should identify and analyze the literary conventions used in the original text. These could include language and word choice, narrative structure, character development, and themes. The group should take detailed notes during this analysis.

  4. Comparing and Contrasting: Once the literary conventions in the original text have been analyzed, the group should compare and contrast how these conventions are adapted in the visual medium. They should identify any changes made and discuss why these changes might have been made.

  5. Research and Discussion: The group should conduct further research, if necessary, to understand the reasons behind the changes made in the adaptation. They should also discuss their findings among themselves, bringing in different perspectives and insights.

  6. Project Report: After completing the above steps, the group should compile their findings and discussions into a comprehensive report. The report should include the following sections:

    • Introduction: Here, students should introduce the chosen text, explain why they selected it, and state the objective of the project.

    • Development: This section should detail the theory behind literary conventions, the methodology used in the project, the findings from the analysis, and the discussions and conclusions drawn from these findings.

    • Conclusion: Here, students should revisit the main points of the project, state their learnings, and draw their conclusions about the project.

    • Bibliography: This section should list all the resources used in the project, including books, websites, videos, etc.

Project Deliverables:

The main deliverable of this project is a comprehensive project report. This report should document the students' journey through the project, detailing their understanding of literary conventions and their adaptability. It should also showcase their ability to work collaboratively, think critically, and communicate effectively.

The report should be detailed, covering all the necessary sections mentioned above, and should be presented in a neat and organized manner. The language used should be appropriate and the content should be well-researched, accurate, and insightful.

The project report is due one month from the start of the project. This timeline allows students sufficient time to read the text, watch the adaptation, analyze and discuss, and compile their findings into the report. The process of working on the project report is as important as the final product, as it provides students with an opportunity to reflect on their learnings and synthesize their understanding of the topic.

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Maintain a Formal Style


Formal writing is an essential skill, not just in the academic world but in various professional settings as well. It is a style of writing that is characterized by its structure, objectivity, and precision. Unlike informal writing, which is more relaxed and conversational, formal writing tends to be more serious and focused on conveying information in a clear and concise manner.

In the professional world, formal writing is crucial for reports, business letters, and emails, grant proposals, and academic research papers. Mastering this style of writing will not only contribute to your success in school but also in your future career.

In this project, we will delve into the intricacies of formal writing. We will discuss its key features, understand its importance, and lastly, learn how to maintain a formal style consistently throughout a piece of writing.

By the end of this project, you will not only have a deep understanding of formal writing, but you will also have developed the essential skills needed to write effectively and professionally.


  1. Purdue Online Writing Lab: This is a comprehensive resource for all things writing. It provides detailed information on formal writing, including style, tone, and structure.

  2. Grammarly Handbook: This is an excellent resource for understanding the mechanics of formal writing, such as grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure.

  3. The Balance Careers: This website offers a wealth of information on professional writing, including business letters and emails.

  4. Book: "Elements of Style" by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White. This is a classic resource for improving your writing style. It is a short, easy-to-understand guide on the principles of English usage and composition.

  5. TED-Ed: This platform offers engaging educational videos on various topics, including writing and communication skills.

  6. YouTube: There are numerous educational channels on YouTube that provide tutorials and tips on formal writing.

Practical Activity

Activity Title: "Formal Writing: Mastering the Art of Communication"

Objective of the Project:

The project aims to develop students' understanding and practical application of formal writing. It will focus on writing a formal letter, report, and email. Students will learn to maintain a formal style consistently and understand the importance of clear and concise communication in professional settings.

Detailed Description of the Project:

The project will be carried out in groups of 3 to 5 students. Each group will be assigned a scenario, and their task will be to create a formal letter, a report, and an email based on that scenario. The scenarios will be designed to align with real-world situations, such as a business proposal, a complaint letter, and a job application.

Students will have to use the resources provided to research and understand the characteristics of formal writing, including style, tone, structure, and language. They will then apply this knowledge to create their written documents.

Necessary Materials:

  • Internet access for research
  • Word processing software for drafting documents
  • Printer for printing the final documents
  • Stationery for presentation (if desired)

Detailed Step-by-Step for Carrying Out the Activity:

  1. Group Formation and Scenario Assignment (1 hour): Students will be divided into groups and assigned a scenario. Each group will receive a different scenario.

  2. Research (3 hours): Students will use the provided resources to research the characteristics of formal writing and understand how to apply them in different types of documents (letter, report, email).

  3. Document Creation (5 hours): Using the knowledge gained from their research, each group will create a formal letter, a report, and an email based on their assigned scenario.

  4. Group Review and Editing (2 hours): Once the initial drafts are completed, each group will review and edit their documents to ensure they are clear, concise, and maintain a formal style throughout.

  5. Final Document Preparation (1 hour): After making the necessary edits, each group will prepare the final versions of their documents for submission.

  6. Presentation Preparation (2 hours, optional): If desired, groups can prepare a brief presentation to explain their scenario, the documents they created, and the reasons behind their choices.

  7. Project Submission: Each group will submit their final documents and, if applicable, their presentation to the teacher.

Project Deliveries:

  1. Written Documents: The formal letter, report, and email created by each group. These should be neatly presented, well-structured, and written in a clear, concise, and consistently formal style.

  2. Project Report: This should be a detailed account of the project, including the background research, the steps followed, the challenges faced, and the solutions found. It should also include a reflection on the learning outcomes and the group's experiences working on the project.

  3. Presentation (Optional): If the group decides to prepare a presentation, it should be a concise summary of their project report, highlighting the key points and the process they followed.

Project Report Structure:

The written document (project report) should have the following structure:

  1. Introduction: Contextualize the theme of formal writing, its relevance, real-world application, and the objective of the project.

  2. Development: Detail the theory behind formal writing, including its key features and why it is important. Describe the assigned scenario and the steps taken to create the formal documents. Include the methodology used and the results obtained.

  3. Conclusions: Revisit the main points of the project, explicitly stating the learnings obtained and the conclusions drawn about the project.

  4. Bibliography: Indicate all the sources used to research and carry out the project.

Remember, the report should be written in formal language, use proper grammar and punctuation, and be structured in a logical and organized manner.

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Revision: Unknown and Multiple-Meaning Words


Welcome to a new project, where we will delve into the fascinating world of words and their meanings. In specific, we will be focusing on two types of words that often pose a challenge to readers and writers alike - unknown words and multiple-meaning words.

Unknown Words

In the vast ocean of English vocabulary, we often come across words that we don't understand. These words are unknown to us, and it is crucial to learn strategies to determine the meaning of such words. These strategies include using context clues, breaking the word down into its parts, and using a dictionary.

Multiple-Meaning Words

In contrast, there are certain words that have more than one meaning. These are known as multiple-meaning words. Understanding the different meanings of these words and discerning the correct context for their usage is an important skill for effective communication and comprehension.

Importance of the Theme

The ability to comprehend and use unknown and multiple-meaning words is not only essential for academic success but also for everyday life. In the academic sphere, it is a critical skill for understanding textbooks, exams, and assignments. In the professional world, it is vital for effective communication, whether it's writing a report, understanding a job description, or following instructions. In personal life, it helps in interpreting news articles, understanding contracts, and even in deciphering complex recipes!

Reliable Resources

To explore this theme further, here are some reliable resources that you can refer to:

  1. Vocabulary.com - This website provides an array of engaging activities to help you understand and practice unknown and multiple-meaning words.
  2. ReadWriteThink - This website offers numerous lesson plans, interactive tools, and student resources on vocabulary, including unknown and multiple-meaning words.
  3. Book - "Bringing Words to Life: Robust Vocabulary Instruction" by Isabel L. Beck, Margaret G. McKeown, and Linda Kucan. This book offers research-based strategies for teaching vocabulary, including unknown and multiple-meaning words.

By the end of this project, you will not only have a solid grasp of unknown and multiple-meaning words, but you will also have developed important skills like critical thinking, collaboration, and creativity, which are essential for success in the 21st century. So, let's get started on this exciting journey of word exploration!

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Intepretation: Introduction


Reading is more than just decoding words on a page. It is about understanding, analyzing, and interpreting the meaning behind those words. Interpretation is the process of making sense of information, connecting it to our prior knowledge and experiences, and making inferences about what it means. It is a critical skill in not just English, but in all areas of life.

Interpretation is a skill that can be applied to all forms of communication, be it written, spoken, or visual. In literature, it allows us to go beyond the surface level understanding of a text and delve into its deeper implications, themes, and messages. In science, it helps us to understand and analyze data, experiments, and research findings. In history, it allows us to decipher the causes and consequences of events. In art, it helps us to appreciate the artist's intent and message.

But why is interpretation important? In a world where information is abundant and easily accessible, the ability to interpret and make sense of this information is crucial. It helps us to think critically, make informed decisions, and solve problems. It also fosters empathy and understanding by allowing us to see things from different perspectives.


This project will introduce students to the concept of interpretation and its significance in understanding and analyzing various forms of communication. The project will be divided into two parts:

Part 1: Theoretical Understanding Students will be provided with a brief theoretical overview of interpretation. This will include understanding the process of interpretation, the role of context, and the importance of perspective. This theoretical understanding will serve as a foundation for the practical application of interpretation in Part 2.

Part 2: Practical Application Using the theoretical knowledge gained in Part 1, students will work in groups to interpret different types of communication. This could include short stories, poems, scientific articles, historical events, paintings, and more. The purpose of this exercise is to showcase the versatility of interpretation and its application in various disciplines.

The project will not only enhance students' understanding of interpretation but also develop their critical thinking, collaboration, and communication skills.


  1. "The Art of Interpretation" by Michel Meyer. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of interpretation.
  2. "Interpretation and Overinterpretation" by Umberto Eco. This book explores the limits and possibilities of interpretation.
  3. "Interpreting Literature and the Arts" by William C. Dowling. This book provides a guide to interpreting different forms of art and literature.
  4. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - This online resource has a detailed entry on hermeneutics, the theory of interpretation.
  5. The Khan Academy - This website offers an introduction to interpreting art.
  6. CommonLit - This website provides a collection of reading materials for different grade levels, along with discussion questions that encourage interpretation.

Practical Activity

Activity Title: "Interpreting Our World: A Journey of Understanding"

Objective of the Project

To understand the importance of interpretation in different areas of life and to apply the theoretical understanding of interpretation to interpret various forms of communication.

Detailed Description of the Project

In this project, students will work in groups of 3-5 to interpret different forms of communication. Each group will be assigned a short story, a poem, a scientific article, a historical event, and a painting. Using the resources provided and their own creativity, they will interpret each of these pieces, focusing on the process of interpretation, the role of context, and the importance of perspective.

Necessary Materials

  1. Assigned texts and images for interpretation
  2. Internet access for research
  3. Notebooks or any other means of note-taking

Detailed Step-by-step for Carrying out the Activity

  1. Formation of Groups (15 minutes) Students will form groups of 3-5.

  2. Review of Theoretical Materials (30 minutes) Each group will review the theoretical materials provided and discuss the key concepts of interpretation, the role of context, and the importance of perspective.

  3. Distribution of Assigned Communication (15 minutes) Each group will be given their assigned short story, poem, scientific article, historical event, and painting.

  4. Initial Interpretation (1 hour) In their groups, students will read, view, or listen to their assigned communication pieces. They will then discuss and make initial interpretations, noting down their thoughts and observations.

  5. Research and In-depth Interpretation (1 hour) Using the resources provided and any additional resources they find, students will conduct research to deepen their understanding of their assigned communication pieces. They will also discuss their initial interpretations in light of this new information.

  6. Preparation of Presentation (1 hour) Each group will prepare a presentation to share their interpretations with the class. The presentation can be in the form of a discussion, a poster, a multimedia presentation, or any other format the group chooses.

  7. Presentation (30 minutes per group) Each group will present their interpretations to the class. After each presentation, there will be a brief Q&A session for the audience to clarify any doubts or ask for further explanations.

Project Deliverables

At the end of the project, each group will submit a document containing their interpretations and a reflection on the project. The document should be structured as follows:

  1. Introduction

    • A brief overview of the project.
    • The objective of the project.
    • The relevance of interpretation in understanding and analyzing different forms of communication.
  2. Development

    • A detailed description of the assigned communication pieces.
    • A step-by-step account of the group's interpretation process.
    • A discussion of the key concepts of interpretation, the role of context, and the importance of perspective in relation to the assigned communication pieces.
    • An explanation of the research conducted and its impact on the group's interpretation.
  3. Conclusion

    • A summary of the group's interpretations and the main findings from the project.
    • The group's thoughts on the project and what they have learned about interpretation.
  4. Bibliography

    • A list of all the resources used in the project.

The written document, along with the group's presentation, will be used to assess the students' understanding of the concepts of interpretation, their ability to apply these concepts in practice, and their collaboration and communication skills.

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