Contextualization
Introduction to Polygons on the Coordinate Plane
Polygons, a fundamental concept in geometry, are twodimensional shapes with straight sides that together form a closed figure. They can be simple polygons (like triangles, squares, and pentagons) or complex polygons (like stars or irregular shapes). Understanding polygons is crucial in mathematics, as they form the basis for more advanced concepts like area and perimeter.
The coordinate plane, also known as the Cartesian plane, is a twodimensional plane formed by the intersection of a horizontal line (xaxis) and a vertical line (yaxis). This plane is used to plot points, and these points can be used to create polygons on the coordinate plane. The coordinates of the points, represented by (x, y) pairs, indicate the position of the point in relation to the x and y axes.
The study of polygons on the coordinate plane involves the plotting of points, identifying the connected points that form the sides of the polygon, and determining the properties of the polygon based on the coordinates. This includes understanding symmetry, transformations (such as reflections, rotations, and translations), and the properties of the polygon's angles and sides.
Importance and RealWorld Applications
The study of polygons on the coordinate plane has numerous realworld applications. It is used in computer graphics to create shapes and images on the screen. For example, in video games, polygons are used to create characters, objects, and the game environment. In architecture and design, the concept of polygons on the coordinate plane is used to create blueprints and 3D models of buildings and structures.
Additionally, it is used in navigation and GPS systems to calculate distances and directions between points. It's also employed in geographical studies to map out areas and to analyze land masses and their boundaries.
Resources
 Khan Academy: Plotting points & polygons
 Math is Fun: Coordinates
 BBC Bitesize: Polygons on the coordinate plane
 Mathantics: Introduction to Polygons on the Coordinate Plane
 Textbook: Mathematics Course 2 by Bennett, et al. Chapter 9: Geometry  Polygons.
With these resources, you'll have a solid foundation for understanding polygons on the coordinate plane and be wellequipped to tackle the project ahead. Remember to collaborate with your team, ask questions, and have fun learning!
Practical Activity
Activity Title: "Polygon Plotting and Properties: A Journey through the Coordinate Plane"
Objective of the Project:
To understand how to plot and create various polygons on the coordinate plane and to investigate and discuss the properties of these polygons.
Project Description:
This is a project that will involve each group of students in an extensive investigation of polygons on the coordinate plane. Each group will create a set of polygons (at least 5 different types) on a large coordinate grid. They will then use these polygons to explore different geometric concepts such as symmetry, transformations, area, and perimeter.
Necessary Materials:
 A large coordinate grid (you can create one on chart paper or use a digital tool)
 Ruler
 Pencil
 Colored markers or pencils
 Calculator
 Protractor (for measuring angles)
Detailed StepbyStep:

Formation of Groups and Setting the Stage: Form groups of 3 to 5 students. Each group will be given a large coordinate grid and a set of polygons to plot on the grid. The polygons can be of different shapes and sizes, but they must all have vertices that fall on the grid lines.

Plotting the Polygons: Using the given polygons, each group will plot the points (coordinates) of these polygons on the grid. Remember, each point is represented by an (x, y) pair, where x is the horizontal position and y is the vertical position. Plot the points accurately, ensuring that the polygons' sides are formed by connecting the correct points.

Exploring Polygon Properties: Once the polygons are plotted, groups will explore and discuss the different properties of their polygons. This includes the number of sides, the lengths of the sides, the types of angles, the symmetry, and any transformations that can be applied to the polygons.

Calculating Area and Perimeter: Using the properties of the polygons, groups will calculate the area and perimeter of each polygon. For this, they may need to use formulas specific to the type of polygon they are working with.

Presentation Preparation: Each group will prepare a presentation of their findings. This should include a detailed description of how they plotted the polygons, their observations about the properties of the polygons, and the methods they used to calculate the area and perimeter.

Presentation and Discussion: Each group will present their findings to the class. After each presentation, there will be a discussion session where groups can ask and answer questions about their work.

Project Report Writing: After the presentations and discussions, each group will write a comprehensive report about their project. The report should include the following sections:
 Introduction: Contextualize the theme, its relevance and realworld application, and the objective of this project.
 Development: Detail the theory behind polygons on the coordinate plane, explain the activity in detail, indicate the methodology used, and finally present and discuss the obtained results.
 Conclusion: Conclude the work by revisiting the main points, explicitly stating the learnings obtained, and drawing conclusions about the project.
 Used Bibliography: Indicate the sources that were helpful to work on the project such as books, web pages, videos, etc.
Project Deliverables:
 A coordinate grid with at least 5 different types of polygons plotted on it.
 A presentation detailing the process of the activity, observations about the polygons, and the methods used to calculate the area and perimeter.
 A comprehensive project report following the structure indicated above.
This project will take a considerable amount of time and effort from each group. It will require collaboration, communication, problemsolving, and creative thinking. Remember, the objective is to not only understand the concept of polygons on the coordinate plane but also to apply this knowledge in a practical and engaging way. Good luck!