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Discipline: Geography

Question topic: Soil Types

Source: ENEM

Level of difficulty: Hard

(ENEM 2011) - Question Hard of Geography

The chart relates several variables of soil formation. The interpretation of the data shows that water is one of the important factors of pedogenesis, as in areas with higher rainfall, there is a greater soil thickness and higher clay content. In addition, the presence of vegetation also influences soil formation, as organic matter contributes to the formation of the surface layer of the soil.
Question illustration
At lower latitudes, there is higher rainfall, as well as greater soil depth.
In temperate climates, there is high rainfall and great soil depth.
In tropical climates, there is lower rainfall, which is related to the lower depth of unaltered rocks.
At latitudes around 3o, there are the greatest soil depths, as there is higher humidity.
In tropical climates, the depth of the soil is lower, which indicates less chemical weathering of water on rocks.


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Soil Types
Source: ENEM
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